To whom it may concern, 

My name is Max Fairchild and I live in Walla Walla, Washington. I served in the Marine Corps and National Guard and I am almost 37 years old now. Over the last few years, I have been researching the concept of the Militia system the founding fathers created. I guess I have either gotten confused on what happened to it, or it is now the National Guard?

The original Militia structure came from England in 1636 as a defense mechanism made up of all able bodied males to fight off Indian attacks and to stand vigilant against France and Spain that were slowly encroaching on the Thirteen Colonies. In England, the Militia system had been around since King Alfred King of Wessex from 871 to 899, who created the first Militia System or National Militia. The concept of the Citizen Soldier went back to the Greeks and Romans though and was one of the reasons behind the fall of the Roman Empire, due to them hiring foreign mercenaries to do their security work.

The Colonial Militias were used from 1636 to 1775 in a defensive nature, but were called up to fight in the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763) to supplement British forces. They also went on the offensive in 1775 as as Rebel Colonial Militias  at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill, starting the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). The Articles of Confederation talk about the Militia structure, but the aftermath of Shays Rebellion (1786-1787) ended up throwing out the Articles of Confederation and replacing it with the Constitution of the United States. This document is the highest law of the land still today and it outlines the Constitutional Militia. It talks more about the Constitutional Militia for National Defense than the Army and Navy.

As I understand it, the Militia use to be made up of all able bodied males from as a young as 15 to 60.  They were required to have a basic rifle, ammo, knife and a few other things to be ready at a minutes notice. They were to muster and drill several times a month or year and there was a chain of command. Congress actually outlined it with the Militia Act of 1792. George Washington actually summoned up the Militia to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion (1791–1794). It fought in the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), but the American Civil War probably led to the oppression of the State Militia and the creation of the National Guard. By the time of the Spanish-American War in 1898, it appears the Constitutional Militia was in the process of being converted into the federalized reserve component of the Army and Air Force it is today. What ever became of the Naval Militia, I don't know, but it looks like a few states still have them. 

So we flash forward to 2011, and things are now completely confusing. After watching the fight over the National Guard with Arizona, I have came to the conclusion that the National Guard is not in the control of the State anymore and the Federal Government controls it. After Governor Brewer could not activate her Arizona National Guard, because the feds took it over, her office was making plans to create a State Militia. Janet Napolitano came back and said that was what the National Guard was for. First off, the Constitutional Militia was suppose to be the State's Military made up of all able bodied men. The Governor was suppose to be the Commander of it and the President had the ability to summon it up if there were multi-State issues with internal rebellion or foreign invasion. The Federal Government was never to have full control over it. "for the security of a free state" meant just that. We are the United States of America not the United State of  America under Federal Control. 

So here we are today and the Washington State Militia has been turned into a federalized reserve component of the Army and Air Force that gets sent to foreign undeclared wars. It has been subdivided into the Organized Militia (National Guard) and Unorganized Militia (State Guard) and the people creating 2nd Amendment Militias has been outlawed. Furthermore, the name Militia has been demonized as some kind of racist terrorist organization. This is our right and also constitutional. 

Check this out, I have been working on re-creating a Constitutional Militia for the State of Washington for almost four years now. I am the head recruiter and we have a lot more people than meets the eye. Even if not needed for armed defense, it adds to the State of Washington and the National Defense by having people trained properly in weapons safety and marksmanship. Furthermore, the need for emergency management personnel can't be ignored any longer. It's sad if you ask me, in my county here in Walla Walla, there are three women that run the Emergency Management Division and they ave no volunteers. The local American Red Cross has volunteers (mostly old folks), but don't see eye to eye with the Emergency Management Division. Its funny, because they all complain they don't have any volunteers, yet also fail to even look a the Constitutional Militia structure. Going by current government standards all able bodied males from 18-45 are in the Organized or Unorganized Militia like it or not. In my county that is around 17,000 men and I look like a loon even talking about it. FEMA's concept of CERT and taking control of it, is an epic failure since they have taken it over. Does it even exist in reality or is it just a theory? 

So a few of us debated on joining the Washington State Guard, then we found out their standards are high, you can't have any criminal record and you are really walking yourself into enslavement as a Subject and not a Citizen. Furthermore, I have recruited more people on the east-side of Washington than they have. So if the 2nd Amendment gives citizens the right to recruit, organize and train for State and National Defense, why should we all work against each other? It makes more sense to work together for a common cause. If that will ever happen, I have no clue, but we will press forward. 

Max Fairchild
WSM Recruiter

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Sounds good Max, I think we should get a form letter like this written up that everyone could just print, sign, and fax or email to our State officials.

They just ignore everything I send them, but perhaps it doesn't fall on deaf ears? If we agree with it or not, the National Guard system works, but it just is twisted and doesn't work the way the Militia system was suppose to. I think the People are somewhat to blame for the decline of the Militia too. The government was very concerned that the system would fail, because it is a unpaid natural defense force. I like to use the terms the State Militias were using back then. They called the concept of the National Guard " Mercenary Slaves" and they weren't "Citizen Soldiers." Their was something very fundamental about Free Men fighting for no pay to protect their State and Country. The fact people are paid, violates the term "Right and Duty." The Militia was to never leave the country, but they do now. It was never to even cross into another State unless the President called the State Militias up to suppress rebellion or fight off foreign invaders. State Defense and National Defense are two things there. Now, if it was National Offense, that would be U.S. Military and would be paid. We just seemed to miss this concept and the Washington State Guard that is suppose to be our Militia for the State is an Emergency Management organization hard wired into the Department of Homeland Security, as is just about every other program.

I'm just trying to be above the board on all this Militia stuff and follow the Constitution of the United States. The Feds and the State have failed to create any real credible volunteer program in Walla Walla for Emergency Management and let alone the Militia. I find it really frustrating that they realize they have a problem, but refuse to listen to anything I say. Maybe the "M" word is taboo, but how about a different name that means the same? The Militia is our right and duty and it is up to the People of the State to fill these positions and be ready in a moments notice still. I just don't see how it is a bad thing? 

Yeah, I think it is the word people are afraid of.

and they ignored this? well no response? wow

interesting thing is that I went to the Washington guard website last night thinking about joining and had to really think about it. With the current state of things in what capacity would I be looked at in that group. Also who really controls what they do? I don't want to join anything that will later be controlled by the Feds and has me doing my own people wrong. 

When I talked to them, they said your basically have to sign all the basic contracts and jump through the same hoops as joining the National Guard. No criminal records and they look at your credit and all that. Tey don't send you to any kind of basic training and you have to pay out of pocket for everything. They are tied into the Department of Homeland Security and are not allowed to train in para-military type training. Their main mission is Emrergency Management. Most of their membership is mostly made up of retired military too. I would actually like to see them succeed, but I think the are just the retirment wing of the National Guard, since at 45 years old, you are no longer eligible for military duty. They extend the age out and drop down the height/weight standards and physical fitness. This State has yet to form a true Militia made up of the Citizens whom inhabit it with the 1792 Militia Act. If our economy ever totally crashes and things get scaled back to the People again, the Militia structure will make more sense, but as long as we have this economy and massive military and government, they will always do things from the top down. It's just not what this country was founded on though.

Also, I sent this off yesterday or today, so I might not get anything back for a few days if ever.

E-mail back from the Washington National Guard (Monday, December 12, 2011 9:46 AM)

Mr. Fairchild,

Thank you for contacting the Washington National Guard public affairs office, and thank you for your service in the USMC and the National Guard.  I have attached two documents which may clear up some of your questions about our history.

During the early years of the twentieth century, important national defense legislation of 1903 and 1916 increased the role of the National Guard (as the militia was officially renamed by the 1916 Defense Act) as a Federal Reserve force.  Nevertheless, we are still a Title 32 force serving under the command and control of our Governor unless called to federal active duty under Title X by the President of the United States.

There is also a volunteer State Defense Force called the "State Guard" which is not part of the U.S. Military and cannot be called to Title X active duty like the National Guard can.

You referenced Governor Brewer and the Arizona National Guard, and your conclusion is mistaken.  Governors can order their National Guards' to State Active Duty at their discretion, however, they must also pay for it.  A fact that most people are not aware of is that the National Guard is 99.9% funded by the Federal Government EXCEPT when the Guard is called to a State Mission by the Governor.  At that point, the State must appropriate money to pay for the State Mission.  The contention in Arizona (and other border states) is not about the Governor's ability to call out the Guard for a border mission, it is their request for the federal government to pay for it.  

You mentioned that the standards of the National Guard and volunteer state defense force (State Guard) are high, and I agree with your assessment.  You know this personally since you served in the National Guard.  Our citizen-soldiers and airmen are placed in positions of public trust, are funded by tax-payer money and act in the name of our State and Nation.  Our countrymen demand that we are well-qualified and accountable.  Although members of the state defense force (State Guard) are un-paid volunteers, they also act in an official capacity when called to State Service.

If you and your friends are interested in serving in the National Guard or volunteering in the state defense force (State Guard) - I encourage you to speak to a recruiter.  1-800-GO-GUARD (National Guard) or 253-512-8182 (State Guard).

Best regards,

State Public Affairs Officer
Washington National Guard

Please visit us at:

E-mail back to the Washington National Guard (Monday, December 12, 2011 1:30 PM)

Captain Kosik,

Thank you for serving and your response. Honestly, I don't usually get many responses from people, because they don't have any clue what I am talking about. I have been doing this Constitutional Militia stuff pretty actively since around 2008. I would not be surprised if the Washington National Guard has been following us on the intelligence side, since we have the potential to be rebel forces. Yes, I understand that the NSA, DHS, FBI, BATFE, CIA, ICE, Border Patrol etc.... have taken the active role of fighting foreign invasion, suppressing rebellion, and protecting the states and itself from domestic violence, but it was suppose to be the Militia outlined in the Constitution of the United States.

I can not speak for everybody in the Militia Movement, but I am really focused on creating a Constitutional Militia for this state. The odds of me doing it are probably slim to none as a civilian, because it never worked out too well from the very beginning of this country, but I do like the concept of all able bodied men of a certain age group, being ready in a moments notice to serve their community, state and country in times of need. I think this is where this country has really missed the mark and emergency management volunteers are a prime example of this.

I understand that the concept of the National Guard is pretty new compared to the overall Militia history, but you need to go backwards and see things from a different perspective. The true Constitutional Militia is based off of the Militia Act of 1792. While it is a bit outdated today, that was the goal. It was based off of the Militia Act of 1757 all the way back through England's original National Defense to the ancient Roman Republic where the concept of the Citizen Soldier and Constitutional Republic came from. 

If you go to National Archives and type in Militia you will find a section that reads "Guide to the Records of the U.S. House of Representatives at the National Archives, 1789-1989 (Record Group 233)" Here you will find out what happened to the Constitutional Militia system I am talking about. Furthermore, Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story (1833) was very concerned about the Constitutional Militia going away and being replaced with something else. 

"§ 1890. The importance of this article will scarcely be doubted by any persons, who have duly reflected upon the subject. The militia is the natural defence of a free country against sudden foreign invasions, domestic insurrections, and domestic usurpations of power by rulers. It is against sound policy for a free people to keep up large military establishments and standing armies in time ofanding armies in time of peace, both from the enormous expenses, with which they are attended, and the facilee means, which they afford to ambitious and unprincipled rulers, to subvert the government, or trample upon the rights of the people. The right of the citizens to keep and bear arms has justly been considered, as the palladium of the liberties of a republic; since it offers a strong moral check against the usurpation and arbitrary power of rulers; and will generally, even if these are successful in the first instance, enable the people to resist and triumph over them. And yet, thought this truth would seem so clear, and the importance of a well regulated militia would seem so undeniable, it cannot be disguised, that among the American people there is a growing indifference to any system of militia discipline, and a strong disposition, from a sense of its burthens, to be rid of all regulations. How is it practicable to keep the people duly armed without some organization, it is difficult to see. There is certainly no small danger, that indifference may lead to disgust, and disgust to contempt; and thus gradually undermine all the protection intended by this clause of our national bill of rights." ~ Joseph Story

Maybe, what I am attempting to do is almost 200 years outdated, but I can't sit here and not think that a concept that had been around for so long and actually worked is really outdated. I just see a lack of motivation by the government and the people to make it whole again. Due to the fact that the feds and the states still have it in their constitutions, acts and laws, means that the concept is still there, so I'm guessing since our economy can pay people to do the duty of civilians, that civilians don't have to do anything. However, I think that was the main reason why the Roman Empire fell? 

It appears that the Washington National Guard works, but I don't think it is what the founders had in mind (hybrid now).  On the flip side, the Washington State Guard appears to be an epic failure. I was told they can only focus on emergency management and are restricted from paramilitary training. What are they guarding us from? Also, they have no basic training or really any training at all from what I have been told. Talking to them they sounded like Chiefs with no Indians and had delusions of grandeur about their capability. 

In closing, I'm just trying to make sense out of all this. I would actually like to see Officers appointed by the Governor at the county level, so there is some kind of direction. I think that was the original idea behind the County-Lieutenant. While weapons training apparently is controversial today, I don't see how weapons safety and marksmanship training tied to our oaths for National Defense takes away from the strength of the country? Emergency management as I stated before, is an all out failure at the community level and it has always been the trained first responders that save the most lives. I don't even know if the people and government are even capable of working together, but we should for emergency management alone. Maybe in time we will, time will see:) 

Max Fairchild (Civilian)
WSM Recruiter (under the 2nd and 10th)

Nothing back from the Washington National Guard yet, but that is typical of talking with anybody under government control. They usually will respond once and then cut off communications. It's like the Washington State Guard that focuses on Emergency Management only, they have all these great ideas and all that, but when it actually comes down to doing things, they are not even capable of working on the community level, yet they bitch about their size and strength. Hello, why don't they try and work with people attempting to do the same thing?

They don't want to work WITH us, the People.  They want us to work FOR THEM.  THAT's what "this economy, massive military and government" you mentioned in your previous letter are all about.  That's why we're naive if we think we, the People, can hold our own as the Militia for the security of our FREE State by relying on THEIR economy, military standards and governmental approval--the "military-industrial complex spoken of by Gen. Eisenhower-- that are all about denying our, the People's, free States in favor of their, the Federalists' imperial state that was so coveted by the likes of Alexander Hamilton's Big Business Federalists when he and George WASHINGTON misused the Militia to wage war on the People of Pennsylvania, many of whom had just fought to obtain freedom from Washington's and Hamilton's former masters, the British Government, during the Whiskey Rebellion.  That, after the experience of the earlier Shays' Rebellion in which the Big Businessmen only had the government of Massachusetts with which to wage war against their economic victims but from which those victims could flee to another, reasonable-sized state for refuge, was their purpose for creating, out of order in a Convention that was called ONLY for the purpose of proposing AMENDMENTS to the Articles of Confederation, a whole new Constitution of the Union that they interpreted gave them and, according to their modern-day elitist counterparts' argument, gives them that power to usurp the Militia (which they have conveniently now re-defined as their elitist statist and Federalist "National Guard") for "the suppression of rebellion" (suppression of the People's "Right to alter or abolish" government that usurps their freedom).  It will be THEY, the elitists, using the violence of their government, who will deny us our, the People's, right of self-reliance that we seek for refuge and relief from our enslavement to their closed and controlled economy and totalitarian police state IF we, the People, fail to realize that our self-reliance apart from THEIR economy and all their other systems is, in itself, the very essence of our independence from being enslaved to them or to anyone else.

Gladiator 42/5/71 said:

Nothing back from the Washington National Guard yet, but that is typical of talking with anybody under government control. They usually will respond once and then cut off communications. It's like the Washington State Guard that focuses on Emergency Management only, they have all these great ideas and all that, but when it actually comes down to doing things, they are not even capable of working on the community level, yet they bitch about their size and strength. Hello, why don't they try and work with people attempting to do the same thing?

Honestly we can do alot as individuals working cohesively. It does not mean that you have to work with everyone. We all have the right to choose those we associate with indiviually. As for the state guard, don't waste your time. Get your house and finances in order. It might require you to change careers and even relocate. The choice to get involved in this is going to cost you.

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